Emplacement ages and exhumation rates for intrusion-hosted Cu-Mo-Sb-Au mineral systems at Freegold Mountain (Yukon, Canada): Assessment from U-Pb, Ar-Ar, and (U-Th)/He geochronometers

Thierry Bineli Betsi, David Lentz, Brent McInnes, Noreen J. Evans

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Abstract

To decipher the thermal history of mineralized systems across the Freegold Mountain area (Yukon, Canada), a combined geochronology (zircon U-Pb and hornblende, biotite, and whole rock Ar-Ar) and thermochronology (apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He) study was carried out. Previous U-Pb data combined with new U-Pb and Ar-Ar data show that intrusive bodies across the Freegold Mountain were emplaced during two protracted episodes, the first spanning from 109.6 to 98 Ma and the second between 79 and 68 Ma. Overprinting of the first intrusive event by a second magmatic hydrothermal event is suggested by a zircon U-Pb age of 108.7 ± 0.4 Ma for a chlorite-altered dyke and a whole rock Ar-Ar plateau age of 76.25 ± 0.53 Ma. Zircon (U-Th)/He data are between 66 and 89 Ma, whereas apatite (U-Th)/He data are scattered (38.7-109.9 Ma) and bracket the two magmatic emplacement events. Our combined data reveal a complex history of reheating that led to resetting of numerous chronometers. In most of the investigated agmatic hydrothermal systems, early fast cooling from igneous emplacement through hydrothermal lteration (between 900 and 200 °C) was followed by later and slower cooling accompanying post mineralization uplift and erosion (between 200 and 70 °C). Preliminary models indicate intrusive bodies associated with the Stoddart Cu-Mo ± W prospect cooled slowly (23 °C/Ma) compared with the ones spatially associated with the Revenue Au-Cu prospect (43 °C/Ma), and the similarity of the zircon U-Pb and (U-Th)/He ages from Revenue dyke further supports a rapid cooling from 700 to 180 °C. Erosion rates of 0.035-0.045 mm/year are consistent with tectonic uiescence during the Late Tertiary combined with the lack of Pleistocene glaciation in central ukon. Such low rates of exhumation favour the formation and preservation of upergene mineralization, such as that found north of Freegold Mountain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-670
Number of pages18
JournalCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2012

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exhumation
emplacement
zircon
mountain
mineral
cooling
apatite
dike
mineralization
thermochronology
resetting
overprinting
history
hydrothermal system
erosion rate
hornblende
geochronology
rock
chlorite
glaciation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{35c16ad6c9ea4293b9febcd5d9b256c7,
title = "Emplacement ages and exhumation rates for intrusion-hosted Cu-Mo-Sb-Au mineral systems at Freegold Mountain (Yukon, Canada): Assessment from U-Pb, Ar-Ar, and (U-Th)/He geochronometers",
abstract = "To decipher the thermal history of mineralized systems across the Freegold Mountain area (Yukon, Canada), a combined geochronology (zircon U-Pb and hornblende, biotite, and whole rock Ar-Ar) and thermochronology (apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He) study was carried out. Previous U-Pb data combined with new U-Pb and Ar-Ar data show that intrusive bodies across the Freegold Mountain were emplaced during two protracted episodes, the first spanning from 109.6 to 98 Ma and the second between 79 and 68 Ma. Overprinting of the first intrusive event by a second magmatic hydrothermal event is suggested by a zircon U-Pb age of 108.7 ± 0.4 Ma for a chlorite-altered dyke and a whole rock Ar-Ar plateau age of 76.25 ± 0.53 Ma. Zircon (U-Th)/He data are between 66 and 89 Ma, whereas apatite (U-Th)/He data are scattered (38.7-109.9 Ma) and bracket the two magmatic emplacement events. Our combined data reveal a complex history of reheating that led to resetting of numerous chronometers. In most of the investigated agmatic hydrothermal systems, early fast cooling from igneous emplacement through hydrothermal lteration (between 900 and 200 °C) was followed by later and slower cooling accompanying post mineralization uplift and erosion (between 200 and 70 °C). Preliminary models indicate intrusive bodies associated with the Stoddart Cu-Mo ± W prospect cooled slowly (23 °C/Ma) compared with the ones spatially associated with the Revenue Au-Cu prospect (43 °C/Ma), and the similarity of the zircon U-Pb and (U-Th)/He ages from Revenue dyke further supports a rapid cooling from 700 to 180 °C. Erosion rates of 0.035-0.045 mm/year are consistent with tectonic uiescence during the Late Tertiary combined with the lack of Pleistocene glaciation in central ukon. Such low rates of exhumation favour the formation and preservation of upergene mineralization, such as that found north of Freegold Mountain.",
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T1 - Emplacement ages and exhumation rates for intrusion-hosted Cu-Mo-Sb-Au mineral systems at Freegold Mountain (Yukon, Canada)

T2 - Assessment from U-Pb, Ar-Ar, and (U-Th)/He geochronometers

AU - Bineli Betsi, Thierry

AU - Lentz, David

AU - McInnes, Brent

AU - Evans, Noreen J.

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N2 - To decipher the thermal history of mineralized systems across the Freegold Mountain area (Yukon, Canada), a combined geochronology (zircon U-Pb and hornblende, biotite, and whole rock Ar-Ar) and thermochronology (apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He) study was carried out. Previous U-Pb data combined with new U-Pb and Ar-Ar data show that intrusive bodies across the Freegold Mountain were emplaced during two protracted episodes, the first spanning from 109.6 to 98 Ma and the second between 79 and 68 Ma. Overprinting of the first intrusive event by a second magmatic hydrothermal event is suggested by a zircon U-Pb age of 108.7 ± 0.4 Ma for a chlorite-altered dyke and a whole rock Ar-Ar plateau age of 76.25 ± 0.53 Ma. Zircon (U-Th)/He data are between 66 and 89 Ma, whereas apatite (U-Th)/He data are scattered (38.7-109.9 Ma) and bracket the two magmatic emplacement events. Our combined data reveal a complex history of reheating that led to resetting of numerous chronometers. In most of the investigated agmatic hydrothermal systems, early fast cooling from igneous emplacement through hydrothermal lteration (between 900 and 200 °C) was followed by later and slower cooling accompanying post mineralization uplift and erosion (between 200 and 70 °C). Preliminary models indicate intrusive bodies associated with the Stoddart Cu-Mo ± W prospect cooled slowly (23 °C/Ma) compared with the ones spatially associated with the Revenue Au-Cu prospect (43 °C/Ma), and the similarity of the zircon U-Pb and (U-Th)/He ages from Revenue dyke further supports a rapid cooling from 700 to 180 °C. Erosion rates of 0.035-0.045 mm/year are consistent with tectonic uiescence during the Late Tertiary combined with the lack of Pleistocene glaciation in central ukon. Such low rates of exhumation favour the formation and preservation of upergene mineralization, such as that found north of Freegold Mountain.

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