Effects of different levels of coriander (coriandrum sativum) seed powder and extract on serum biochemical parameters, microbiota, and immunity in broiler chicks

Hesam Hosseinzadeh, Ali Ahmad Alaw Qotbi, Alireza Seidavi, David Norris, David Brown

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Abstract

The use of herbs and spices has gained increasing interest as feed additives and possible alternative to antibiotics in poultry production. The effects of using different levels of coriander seed powder or extract on selected blood parameters, intestinal microflora, and immune response of broiler chickens were investigated in this study. A total of 420-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 7 treatments with 4 replicates and fed for 42 days. Results showed that inclusion of 2.0% coriander powder in broiler diets lowered total cholesterol while blood urea was significantly higher in birds on Tcompared to Tand T Furthermore, there were no treatment effects on Lactobacillus bacteria; however, the population of E. coli was significantly higher in the ileum of chickens fed T Noticeable significant improvements of antibody titer against Newcastle, infectious bronchitis, and infectious bursal disease were observed in birds receiving coriander extract in water. Immunoglobulin G antibody against sheep red blood cells showed significant improvement in birds fed T likewise, immunoglobulin M was significantly higher in birds on Tand Tat 28 d of age. These results revealed that coriander extract or powder can be used as antibiotic alternative in broiler feeds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number628979
JournalScientific World Journal
Volume2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 28 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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