Effect of substrate moisture on the weatherability of surface treatment for High-Performance Concrete (HPC)

Tobias Bader, Seraphin Hubert Unterberger, Roman Lackner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface treatments are applied to protect concrete from the penetration of water with the purpose of retarding degradation and/or aesthetic deterioration. Several studies have shown that the penetration behaviour of surface treatments for ordinary concrete depends on the substrate moisture content which in turn influences its service life. The role of moisture content in case of surface treatments applied to High-Performance Concrete (HPC) seems to be questionable due to the reduced near-surface permeability and diminished capillary water uptake of HPC. In this paper, the effect of different moisture contents (4, 6, 8 wt.-%) representing dry, medium and wet conditions on the penetration behaviour and the subsequent weatherability of acrylic resin coating are evaluated by means of artificial weathering over a period of 2160 h. Based on the obtained results, the penetration of the used acrylic resin is considered to be hindered by a filter effect due to the reduced pore size in the near-surface area of HPC. Thus, the aqueous dispersion of acrylic resin is separated into solvent (penetrating into the HPC) and active agent (remaining on its surface). With ongoing artificial weathering incremental colour change (brightening) and delamination of the surface treatment are observed, with the extent being more pronounced for specimens with moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-%. The observed differences in weathering are considered to be the result of differences in the moisture absorption of the acrylic film. This in turn is mostly related to the saponification of the acrylic resin resulting in the formation of hygroscopic carboxylic acid salts due to the alkaline environment of HPC. Thus, moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-% are suspected to facilitate the degradation of the coating by the alkaline pore solution, which increases the extent of saponification making the film more prone to the absorption of moisture. For 4 wt.-% moisture content, on the other hand, the extent of saponification is marginal resulting in only slight changes in colour and a minor degree of delamination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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High performance concrete
Surface treatment
Moisture
Acrylic Resins
Acrylics
Substrates
Saponification
Weathering
Resins
Delamination
Concretes
Color
Degradation
Coatings
Water
Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids
Service life
Pore size
Deterioration

Cite this

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title = "Effect of substrate moisture on the weatherability of surface treatment for High-Performance Concrete (HPC)",
abstract = "Surface treatments are applied to protect concrete from the penetration of water with the purpose of retarding degradation and/or aesthetic deterioration. Several studies have shown that the penetration behaviour of surface treatments for ordinary concrete depends on the substrate moisture content which in turn influences its service life. The role of moisture content in case of surface treatments applied to High-Performance Concrete (HPC) seems to be questionable due to the reduced near-surface permeability and diminished capillary water uptake of HPC. In this paper, the effect of different moisture contents (4, 6, 8 wt.-{\%}) representing dry, medium and wet conditions on the penetration behaviour and the subsequent weatherability of acrylic resin coating are evaluated by means of artificial weathering over a period of 2160 h. Based on the obtained results, the penetration of the used acrylic resin is considered to be hindered by a filter effect due to the reduced pore size in the near-surface area of HPC. Thus, the aqueous dispersion of acrylic resin is separated into solvent (penetrating into the HPC) and active agent (remaining on its surface). With ongoing artificial weathering incremental colour change (brightening) and delamination of the surface treatment are observed, with the extent being more pronounced for specimens with moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-{\%}. The observed differences in weathering are considered to be the result of differences in the moisture absorption of the acrylic film. This in turn is mostly related to the saponification of the acrylic resin resulting in the formation of hygroscopic carboxylic acid salts due to the alkaline environment of HPC. Thus, moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-{\%} are suspected to facilitate the degradation of the coating by the alkaline pore solution, which increases the extent of saponification making the film more prone to the absorption of moisture. For 4 wt.-{\%} moisture content, on the other hand, the extent of saponification is marginal resulting in only slight changes in colour and a minor degree of delamination.",
author = "Tobias Bader and Unterberger, {Seraphin Hubert} and Roman Lackner",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.07.008",
language = "English",
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pages = "57--65",
journal = "Cement and Concrete Composites",
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}

Effect of substrate moisture on the weatherability of surface treatment for High-Performance Concrete (HPC). / Bader, Tobias; Unterberger, Seraphin Hubert; Lackner, Roman.

In: Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 83, 2017, p. 57-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of substrate moisture on the weatherability of surface treatment for High-Performance Concrete (HPC)

AU - Bader, Tobias

AU - Unterberger, Seraphin Hubert

AU - Lackner, Roman

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Surface treatments are applied to protect concrete from the penetration of water with the purpose of retarding degradation and/or aesthetic deterioration. Several studies have shown that the penetration behaviour of surface treatments for ordinary concrete depends on the substrate moisture content which in turn influences its service life. The role of moisture content in case of surface treatments applied to High-Performance Concrete (HPC) seems to be questionable due to the reduced near-surface permeability and diminished capillary water uptake of HPC. In this paper, the effect of different moisture contents (4, 6, 8 wt.-%) representing dry, medium and wet conditions on the penetration behaviour and the subsequent weatherability of acrylic resin coating are evaluated by means of artificial weathering over a period of 2160 h. Based on the obtained results, the penetration of the used acrylic resin is considered to be hindered by a filter effect due to the reduced pore size in the near-surface area of HPC. Thus, the aqueous dispersion of acrylic resin is separated into solvent (penetrating into the HPC) and active agent (remaining on its surface). With ongoing artificial weathering incremental colour change (brightening) and delamination of the surface treatment are observed, with the extent being more pronounced for specimens with moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-%. The observed differences in weathering are considered to be the result of differences in the moisture absorption of the acrylic film. This in turn is mostly related to the saponification of the acrylic resin resulting in the formation of hygroscopic carboxylic acid salts due to the alkaline environment of HPC. Thus, moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-% are suspected to facilitate the degradation of the coating by the alkaline pore solution, which increases the extent of saponification making the film more prone to the absorption of moisture. For 4 wt.-% moisture content, on the other hand, the extent of saponification is marginal resulting in only slight changes in colour and a minor degree of delamination.

AB - Surface treatments are applied to protect concrete from the penetration of water with the purpose of retarding degradation and/or aesthetic deterioration. Several studies have shown that the penetration behaviour of surface treatments for ordinary concrete depends on the substrate moisture content which in turn influences its service life. The role of moisture content in case of surface treatments applied to High-Performance Concrete (HPC) seems to be questionable due to the reduced near-surface permeability and diminished capillary water uptake of HPC. In this paper, the effect of different moisture contents (4, 6, 8 wt.-%) representing dry, medium and wet conditions on the penetration behaviour and the subsequent weatherability of acrylic resin coating are evaluated by means of artificial weathering over a period of 2160 h. Based on the obtained results, the penetration of the used acrylic resin is considered to be hindered by a filter effect due to the reduced pore size in the near-surface area of HPC. Thus, the aqueous dispersion of acrylic resin is separated into solvent (penetrating into the HPC) and active agent (remaining on its surface). With ongoing artificial weathering incremental colour change (brightening) and delamination of the surface treatment are observed, with the extent being more pronounced for specimens with moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-%. The observed differences in weathering are considered to be the result of differences in the moisture absorption of the acrylic film. This in turn is mostly related to the saponification of the acrylic resin resulting in the formation of hygroscopic carboxylic acid salts due to the alkaline environment of HPC. Thus, moisture contents of 6 and 8 wt.-% are suspected to facilitate the degradation of the coating by the alkaline pore solution, which increases the extent of saponification making the film more prone to the absorption of moisture. For 4 wt.-% moisture content, on the other hand, the extent of saponification is marginal resulting in only slight changes in colour and a minor degree of delamination.

U2 - 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.07.008

DO - 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.07.008

M3 - Article

VL - 83

SP - 57

EP - 65

JO - Cement and Concrete Composites

JF - Cement and Concrete Composites

SN - 0958-9465

ER -