This paper studies the interaction of an electromagnetic field with the matter in a laser cavity without assuming a fixed direction of the transverse electric field, described by the two-level Maxwell–Bloch equations. The derivation of the laser (3+1)-dimensional vectorial cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation is reported using a perturbative nonlinear analysis performed near the laser threshold. Considering the vector (2+1)D cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation, the stability of the moving dissipative solitons in the laser cavity is analyzed. Using the variational approximation, stability conditions and propagation trajectories of dissipative solitons are derived. Direct numerical simulations fully confirm analytical predictions of dissipative solitons trapped in an effective potential well. Potential applications of the obtained results related to spatial dissipative solitons, may be found in class B laser by considering solitons as individual addressable and shift registers of the all-optical data processing systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)