Densification and tensile properties of titanium grade 4 produced using different routes

Muziwenhlanhla A. Masikane, Oluwagbenga T. Johnson, Enoch N. Ogunmuyiwa, Iakovos Sigalas

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The properties of commercial pure titanium (CP-Ti) grade 4 produced by spark plasma sintering (SPS), cold isostatic press (CIP) and sinter and casting were compared. Pre-compacted bodies were isothermally held for 10 minutes at 1250°C under a minimum compaction pressure of 10 MPa for the SPS method, while the CIP and sinter method involved isothermal holding of pre-compacted bodies for 1 hour at 1350°C in the tube furnace under argon gas atmosphere. The casting of green bodies was performed under vacuum of 1x10-3 mbar using a ZrO2 melting crucible and a copper mold. The SPS and casting methods resulted in highly dense materials. The microstructural features were homogeneous and mainly consisted of plate-like α-Ti phase for all three technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)826-832
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing, SMPM 2019 - Sun City, South Africa
Duration: Mar 8 2019Mar 10 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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