Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter

George I. Ononiwu, Feyisayo V. Adams, Ifeoma V. Joseph, Ayo S. Afolabi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this this, biodiesel samples were produced from Ghee Butter (popularly called Mann Shanu in Northern Nigeria) which was obtained from a local market in Yola Northern Nigeria. The Ghee butter was purified in order to get rid of its moisture; it was then reacted with alcohol in csterification reaction to reduce free fatty acids (FFA) and subjected to trans-esteriflcation reaction to produce biodiesel. Two samples (1 and 2) of biodiesel having percentage yields of 41.5% and 39.5% respectively were produced. The physical properties of biodiesel samples produced were compared to those of mineral diesel sample and it was observed that the biodiesel samples exhibited close values to the mineral diesel. Sample 1 exhibited higher viscosity at lower and higher temperatures compared to sample 2. The American petroleum institute (API) gravity for all the samples studied including the mineral diesel was 34.97. The heating values were 37.15,36.50, and 43.80 MJ/kg for samples 1, 2 and diesel respectively while the cloud points obtained for samples 1, 2 and diesel were 5, 6 and -3°C, respectively. An accelerated corrosion study of mild steel in the prepared biodiesel was investigated for thirty days using the conventional weight loss measurement method. The analysis of the results obtained showed that sample 1 was more aggressive to this material compared to sample 2, while diesel was least corrosive. At lower temperature, sample 2 was more corrosive than sample 1. The results obtained from this study show among other information, that the physical and chemical properties of the prepared biodiesel samples were closely matched with those of mineral diesel and the former can be used as alternative for mineral diesel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015
EditorsS. I. Ao, Len Gelman, Len Gelman, David W.L. Hukins, Andrew Hunter, Alexander M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, S. I. Ao
PublisherNewswood Limited
Pages858-862
Number of pages5
Volume2218
ISBN (Electronic)9789881404701
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 1 2015Jul 3 2015

Other

Other2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period7/1/157/3/15

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Carbon steel
Corrosion
Minerals
Physical properties
Fatty acids
Chemical properties
Gravitation
Alcohols
Moisture
Crude oil
Viscosity
Heating
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ononiwu, G. I., Adams, F. V., Joseph, I. V., & Afolabi, A. S. (2015). Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter. In S. I. Ao, L. Gelman, L. Gelman, D. W. L. Hukins, A. Hunter, A. M. Korsunsky, S. I. Ao, ... S. I. Ao (Eds.), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015 (Vol. 2218, pp. 858-862). Newswood Limited.
Ononiwu, George I. ; Adams, Feyisayo V. ; Joseph, Ifeoma V. ; Afolabi, Ayo S. / Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter. WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. editor / S. I. Ao ; Len Gelman ; Len Gelman ; David W.L. Hukins ; Andrew Hunter ; Alexander M. Korsunsky ; S. I. Ao ; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2218 Newswood Limited, 2015. pp. 858-862
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abstract = "In this this, biodiesel samples were produced from Ghee Butter (popularly called Mann Shanu in Northern Nigeria) which was obtained from a local market in Yola Northern Nigeria. The Ghee butter was purified in order to get rid of its moisture; it was then reacted with alcohol in csterification reaction to reduce free fatty acids (FFA) and subjected to trans-esteriflcation reaction to produce biodiesel. Two samples (1 and 2) of biodiesel having percentage yields of 41.5{\%} and 39.5{\%} respectively were produced. The physical properties of biodiesel samples produced were compared to those of mineral diesel sample and it was observed that the biodiesel samples exhibited close values to the mineral diesel. Sample 1 exhibited higher viscosity at lower and higher temperatures compared to sample 2. The American petroleum institute (API) gravity for all the samples studied including the mineral diesel was 34.97. The heating values were 37.15,36.50, and 43.80 MJ/kg for samples 1, 2 and diesel respectively while the cloud points obtained for samples 1, 2 and diesel were 5, 6 and -3°C, respectively. An accelerated corrosion study of mild steel in the prepared biodiesel was investigated for thirty days using the conventional weight loss measurement method. The analysis of the results obtained showed that sample 1 was more aggressive to this material compared to sample 2, while diesel was least corrosive. At lower temperature, sample 2 was more corrosive than sample 1. The results obtained from this study show among other information, that the physical and chemical properties of the prepared biodiesel samples were closely matched with those of mineral diesel and the former can be used as alternative for mineral diesel.",
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Ononiwu, GI, Adams, FV, Joseph, IV & Afolabi, AS 2015, Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter. in SI Ao, L Gelman, L Gelman, DWL Hukins, A Hunter, AM Korsunsky, SI Ao & SI Ao (eds), WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. vol. 2218, Newswood Limited, pp. 858-862, 2015 World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2015, London, United Kingdom, 7/1/15.

Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter. / Ononiwu, George I.; Adams, Feyisayo V.; Joseph, Ifeoma V.; Afolabi, Ayo S.

WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. ed. / S. I. Ao; Len Gelman; Len Gelman; David W.L. Hukins; Andrew Hunter; Alexander M. Korsunsky; S. I. Ao; S. I. Ao. Vol. 2218 Newswood Limited, 2015. p. 858-862.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In this this, biodiesel samples were produced from Ghee Butter (popularly called Mann Shanu in Northern Nigeria) which was obtained from a local market in Yola Northern Nigeria. The Ghee butter was purified in order to get rid of its moisture; it was then reacted with alcohol in csterification reaction to reduce free fatty acids (FFA) and subjected to trans-esteriflcation reaction to produce biodiesel. Two samples (1 and 2) of biodiesel having percentage yields of 41.5% and 39.5% respectively were produced. The physical properties of biodiesel samples produced were compared to those of mineral diesel sample and it was observed that the biodiesel samples exhibited close values to the mineral diesel. Sample 1 exhibited higher viscosity at lower and higher temperatures compared to sample 2. The American petroleum institute (API) gravity for all the samples studied including the mineral diesel was 34.97. The heating values were 37.15,36.50, and 43.80 MJ/kg for samples 1, 2 and diesel respectively while the cloud points obtained for samples 1, 2 and diesel were 5, 6 and -3°C, respectively. An accelerated corrosion study of mild steel in the prepared biodiesel was investigated for thirty days using the conventional weight loss measurement method. The analysis of the results obtained showed that sample 1 was more aggressive to this material compared to sample 2, while diesel was least corrosive. At lower temperature, sample 2 was more corrosive than sample 1. The results obtained from this study show among other information, that the physical and chemical properties of the prepared biodiesel samples were closely matched with those of mineral diesel and the former can be used as alternative for mineral diesel.

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PB - Newswood Limited

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Ononiwu GI, Adams FV, Joseph IV, Afolabi AS. Corrosion behaviour of mild steel in biodiesel prepared from ghee butter. In Ao SI, Gelman L, Gelman L, Hukins DWL, Hunter A, Korsunsky AM, Ao SI, Ao SI, editors, WCE 2015 - World Congress on Engineering 2015. Vol. 2218. Newswood Limited. 2015. p. 858-862