Coagulation efficiency of Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant

J. O. Odiyo, O. J. Bassey, Aoyi Ochieng, Luke Chimuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was conducted to investigate coagulation efficiency of the plant Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) in the removal of turbidity from raw water. Widespread poor land use practices contribute to high turbidity in river water, making turbidity management or removal critical, particularly before the water is used for drinking or subjected to chemical treatment. In this study, mucilage from DE was extracted with deionized water and different chloride solutions. A coagulation efficiency of 99% using modified mucilage coagulant was achieved. The modified mucilage of potassium crude extract and sodium crude extract displayed higher coagulation efficiencies than unmodified mucilage of deionized water crude extract. An increase in coagulant dosage and initial turbidity influenced the coagulation efficiency of DE coagulant. A large reduction in turbidity levels of the treated water samples resulted in an improvement in water quality.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalWater SA
Volume43
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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mucilage
coagulation
turbidity
Coagulants
Water
Complex Mixtures
drinking
Water Quality
water
river water
Rivers
potassium
Drinking
chloride
sodium
Chlorides
Potassium
water quality
land use
Sodium

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Odiyo, J. O., Bassey, O. J., Ochieng, A., & Chimuka, L. (2017). Coagulation efficiency of Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant. Water SA, 43(1).
Odiyo, J. O. ; Bassey, O. J. ; Ochieng, Aoyi ; Chimuka, Luke. / Coagulation efficiency of Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant. In: Water SA. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 1.
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abstract = "A study was conducted to investigate coagulation efficiency of the plant Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) in the removal of turbidity from raw water. Widespread poor land use practices contribute to high turbidity in river water, making turbidity management or removal critical, particularly before the water is used for drinking or subjected to chemical treatment. In this study, mucilage from DE was extracted with deionized water and different chloride solutions. A coagulation efficiency of 99{\%} using modified mucilage coagulant was achieved. The modified mucilage of potassium crude extract and sodium crude extract displayed higher coagulation efficiencies than unmodified mucilage of deionized water crude extract. An increase in coagulant dosage and initial turbidity influenced the coagulation efficiency of DE coagulant. A large reduction in turbidity levels of the treated water samples resulted in an improvement in water quality.",
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Odiyo, JO, Bassey, OJ, Ochieng, A & Chimuka, L 2017, 'Coagulation efficiency of Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant', Water SA, vol. 43, no. 1.

Coagulation efficiency of Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) plant. / Odiyo, J. O.; Bassey, O. J.; Ochieng, Aoyi; Chimuka, Luke.

In: Water SA, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bassey, O. J.

AU - Ochieng, Aoyi

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PY - 2017

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AB - A study was conducted to investigate coagulation efficiency of the plant Dicerocaryum eriocarpum (DE) in the removal of turbidity from raw water. Widespread poor land use practices contribute to high turbidity in river water, making turbidity management or removal critical, particularly before the water is used for drinking or subjected to chemical treatment. In this study, mucilage from DE was extracted with deionized water and different chloride solutions. A coagulation efficiency of 99% using modified mucilage coagulant was achieved. The modified mucilage of potassium crude extract and sodium crude extract displayed higher coagulation efficiencies than unmodified mucilage of deionized water crude extract. An increase in coagulant dosage and initial turbidity influenced the coagulation efficiency of DE coagulant. A large reduction in turbidity levels of the treated water samples resulted in an improvement in water quality.

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