CFD simulation of solids suspension in stirred tanks

Aoyi Ochieng, Maurice S. Onyango

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Many chemical reactions are carried out using stirred tanks, and the efficiency of such systems depends on the quality of mixing, which has been a subject of research for
many years. For solid–liquid mixing, traditionally the research efforts were geared towards determining mixing features such as off-bottom solid suspension using experimental techniques. In a few studies that focused on the determination of solids concentration distribution, some methods that have been used have not been accurate enough
to account for some small scale flow mal-distribution such as the existence of dead zones. The present review shows that computational fluid dynamic (CFD) techniques can be used to simulate mixing features such as solids off-bottom suspension, solids
concentration and particle size distribution and cloud height. Information on the effects
of particle size and particle size distribution on the solids concentration distribution is still scarce. Advancement of the CFD modeling is towards coupling the physical and kinetic data to capture mixing and reaction at meso- and micro-scales. Solids residence time distribution is important for the design, however, the current CFD
models do not predict this parameter. Some advances have been made in recent years to apply CFD simulation to systems that involve fermentation and anaerobic processes. In these systems, complex interaction between the biochemical process and the
hydrodynamics is still not well understood. This is one of the areas that still need more attention.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalHemijska Industrija
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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