We propose a Caputo-based fractional compartmental model for the dynamics of the novel COVID-19 pandemic. The newly proposed nonlinear fractional order model is an extension of a recently formulated integer-order COVID-19 mathematical model. Using basic concepts such as continuity and Banach fixed-point theorem, existence and uniqueness of the solution to the proposed model were shown. Furthermore, we analyze the stability of the model in the context of Ulam-Hyers and generalized Ulam-Hyers stability criteria. The concept of next-generation matrix was used to compute the basic reproduction number R0, a number that determines the spread or otherwise of the disease into the general population. We also investigated the local asymptotic stability for the derived disease-free equilibrium point. Numerical simulation of the constructed epidemic model was carried out using the fractional Adam-Bashforth-Moulton method to validate the obtained theoretical results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes