Body composition of South African rural school children aged 7-13 years

The Tshannda longitudinal study

L. O. Amusa, D. T. Goon, A. K. Amey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim. The aim of this paper was, therefore, to present the cross-sectional data on the body composition profiles of rural primary school children in Tshannda, South Africa. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out to examine the body composition among 409 Tshannda rural school children, grade 1-7 levels, in Vhembe district of Limpopo province, South Africa. The anthropometric variable measured included, body mass, stature, arm circumference, triceps, biceps, subscapular and supraspinale. Derived indicators were sum of skinfold thickness, body mass index (BMI), mid-upper arm circumference, percentage body fat, fat mass and fat-free mass, which were used to determine body composition. Results. A significant difference in the sum of skinfold thickness was noticed between boys and girls. The girls have higher skinfold thickness than boys at all ages. The percentage of body fat was higher in girls than boys. Conclusion. The high proportion of body fat among rural South African school children, especially girls, warrants an action strategy to prevent and control overweight and obesity in this age group.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)263-270
    Number of pages8
    JournalMinerva Pediatrica
    Volume63
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

    Fingerprint

    Body Composition
    Skinfold Thickness
    Longitudinal Studies
    Adipose Tissue
    South Africa
    Arm
    Fats
    Body Mass Index
    Age Groups
    Obesity
    Cross-Sectional Studies

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

    Cite this

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    title = "Body composition of South African rural school children aged 7-13 years: The Tshannda longitudinal study",
    abstract = "Aim. The aim of this paper was, therefore, to present the cross-sectional data on the body composition profiles of rural primary school children in Tshannda, South Africa. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out to examine the body composition among 409 Tshannda rural school children, grade 1-7 levels, in Vhembe district of Limpopo province, South Africa. The anthropometric variable measured included, body mass, stature, arm circumference, triceps, biceps, subscapular and supraspinale. Derived indicators were sum of skinfold thickness, body mass index (BMI), mid-upper arm circumference, percentage body fat, fat mass and fat-free mass, which were used to determine body composition. Results. A significant difference in the sum of skinfold thickness was noticed between boys and girls. The girls have higher skinfold thickness than boys at all ages. The percentage of body fat was higher in girls than boys. Conclusion. The high proportion of body fat among rural South African school children, especially girls, warrants an action strategy to prevent and control overweight and obesity in this age group.",
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    Body composition of South African rural school children aged 7-13 years : The Tshannda longitudinal study. / Amusa, L. O.; Goon, D. T.; Amey, A. K.

    In: Minerva Pediatrica, Vol. 63, No. 4, 08.2011, p. 263-270.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Aim. The aim of this paper was, therefore, to present the cross-sectional data on the body composition profiles of rural primary school children in Tshannda, South Africa. Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out to examine the body composition among 409 Tshannda rural school children, grade 1-7 levels, in Vhembe district of Limpopo province, South Africa. The anthropometric variable measured included, body mass, stature, arm circumference, triceps, biceps, subscapular and supraspinale. Derived indicators were sum of skinfold thickness, body mass index (BMI), mid-upper arm circumference, percentage body fat, fat mass and fat-free mass, which were used to determine body composition. Results. A significant difference in the sum of skinfold thickness was noticed between boys and girls. The girls have higher skinfold thickness than boys at all ages. The percentage of body fat was higher in girls than boys. Conclusion. The high proportion of body fat among rural South African school children, especially girls, warrants an action strategy to prevent and control overweight and obesity in this age group.

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