Biological treatment of mixed industrial wastewaters in a fluidised bed reactor

Aoyi Ochieng, J. O. Odiyo, Mukayi Mutsago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study has been carried out on the operating parameters that influence the biodegradation of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, with a low-density biomass support. The biodegradation rate of a mixture of two wastes was compared with that of the separate wastes. A low aspect ratio reactor was employed, and this made it possible to operate at low superficial gas and liquid velocities. The gas distributor used created a fluid flow pattern similar to that of a draft tube, which enhanced axial mixing. At a particles loading of 12% (v/v), the optimum superficial gas velocity was 2.5cm/s for the mixture. The interstice structure of the biomass-support particles, improved microbial attachment due to the resulting large surface area. There was a low biomass concentration when petroleum wastewater was treated alone, however, for a mixture of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, an increase in the concentration was observed. There was a higher gas hold up in the mixture than in the petroleum wastewater, but lower than in the brewery wastewater. An improved biodegradation was achieved when a mixture of brewery and petroleum wastewaters was treated, and this gave an indication that nutrient deficient wastes can be treated together with phosphate and nitrate rich food industry wastewaters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Waste Water
Wastewater
Breweries
Petroleum
wastewater
Crude oil
petroleum
Biodegradation
Gases
Biomass
biodegradation
gas
biomass
food industry
Food Industry
biological treatment
fluidised bed
reactor
flow pattern
Nitrates

Cite this

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title = "Biological treatment of mixed industrial wastewaters in a fluidised bed reactor",
abstract = "A study has been carried out on the operating parameters that influence the biodegradation of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, with a low-density biomass support. The biodegradation rate of a mixture of two wastes was compared with that of the separate wastes. A low aspect ratio reactor was employed, and this made it possible to operate at low superficial gas and liquid velocities. The gas distributor used created a fluid flow pattern similar to that of a draft tube, which enhanced axial mixing. At a particles loading of 12{\%} (v/v), the optimum superficial gas velocity was 2.5cm/s for the mixture. The interstice structure of the biomass-support particles, improved microbial attachment due to the resulting large surface area. There was a low biomass concentration when petroleum wastewater was treated alone, however, for a mixture of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, an increase in the concentration was observed. There was a higher gas hold up in the mixture than in the petroleum wastewater, but lower than in the brewery wastewater. An improved biodegradation was achieved when a mixture of brewery and petroleum wastewaters was treated, and this gave an indication that nutrient deficient wastes can be treated together with phosphate and nitrate rich food industry wastewaters.",
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Biological treatment of mixed industrial wastewaters in a fluidised bed reactor. / Ochieng, Aoyi; Odiyo, J. O.; Mutsago, Mukayi.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 96, No. 1, 2003, p. 79-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - A study has been carried out on the operating parameters that influence the biodegradation of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, with a low-density biomass support. The biodegradation rate of a mixture of two wastes was compared with that of the separate wastes. A low aspect ratio reactor was employed, and this made it possible to operate at low superficial gas and liquid velocities. The gas distributor used created a fluid flow pattern similar to that of a draft tube, which enhanced axial mixing. At a particles loading of 12% (v/v), the optimum superficial gas velocity was 2.5cm/s for the mixture. The interstice structure of the biomass-support particles, improved microbial attachment due to the resulting large surface area. There was a low biomass concentration when petroleum wastewater was treated alone, however, for a mixture of petroleum and brewery wastewaters, an increase in the concentration was observed. There was a higher gas hold up in the mixture than in the petroleum wastewater, but lower than in the brewery wastewater. An improved biodegradation was achieved when a mixture of brewery and petroleum wastewaters was treated, and this gave an indication that nutrient deficient wastes can be treated together with phosphate and nitrate rich food industry wastewaters.

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