The aim of this paper is to present a continuum model for bioconvection of oxytactic micro-organisms in a non-Darcy porous medium and to investigate the effects of bioconvection and mixed convection on the steady boundary layer flow past a horizontal plate embedded in a porous medium filled with a water-based nanofluid. The governing partial differential equations for momentum, heat, oxygen and micro-organism conservation are reduced to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations using similarity transformations that are numerically solved using a built-in MATLAB ODE solver. The effects of the bioconvection parameters on the nanofluid fluid properties, nanoparticle concentration and the density of the micro-organism are analyzed. A comparative analysis of our results with those previously reported in the literature is given. Among the significant findings in this study is that bioconvection parameters highly influence heat, mass and motile micro-organism transfer rates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Applied Mathematics