Base pair opening in a damped helicoidal Joyeux-Buyukdagli model of DNA in an external force field

J. B. Okaly, A. Mvogo, C. B. Tabi, H. P. Ekobena Fouda, T. C. Kofané

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Upon the Joyeux-Buyukdagli model of DNA, the helicoidal interactions are introduced, and their effects on the dynamical behaviors of the molecule investigated. A theoretical framework for the analysis is presented in an external force field, taking into account Stokes and hydrodynamics viscous forces. In the semi-discrete approximation, the dynamics of the molecule is found governed by the cubic complex Ginzburg-Landau (CGL) equation. By choosing an appropriate decoupling ansatz, the cubic CGL equation is transformed into a nonlinear differential equation whose analytical solitary wave-like solutions can be explored by means of the direct method, which is more tractable in case where the form of soliton solutions is known. Based on this, a dissipative bright-like soliton solution is obtained. Numerical experiments have been done, and relevant results were brought out, such as the quantitative and qualitative influences of the helical interactions on the parameters of the traveling bubble. The important role-played by these interactions in the DNA biological processes is brought out, showing that depending on the wave number, their effects can increase, decrease, or keep constant the bubble angular frequency, velocity, amplitude, and width, as well as the energy involved by enzymes in the initiation of DNA biological processes. This can prevent some coding or reading errors and resulting genetic damages. Analytical predictions and numerical experiments were in good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062402
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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