Assessing the potential to produce shoe wax using agricultural waste bio char as an additive

M. M. Manyuchi, T. Hondo, C. Mbohwa, E. Muzenda, M. Mpeta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Huge amounts of agricultural waste are being generated daily in Sub Saharan Africa and are being left to rot resulting in the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the environment and eventually climate change effects. In this study, agricultural waste was converted to bio char and its potential to be used as an additive in shoe wax production evaluated. Slow pyrolysis of the agricultural waste was done at 400 °C for 3 hours resulting in a bio char yield of 65%. This bio char was added with beeswax in the ratio 1:1 to result in a shoe wax. The produced shoe wax physiochemical properties compared very well to the standard shoe waxes available on the market. This study revealed that agro waste bio char can be utilized as a raw material in organic shoe wax production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th North American IEOM Conference. IEOM 2019
PublisherIEOM Society
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781532359507
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event4th North American IEOM Conference. IEOM 2019 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: Oct 23 2019Oct 25 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
ISSN (Electronic)2169-8767


Conference4th North American IEOM Conference. IEOM 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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