ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS

Emmanuel Emem Obong Agbenyeku, Edison Muzenda, Innocent Mandla Msibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

Increasing climatic changes, exhaustion of natural resources from mining and similar activities, and the insistent growth in population have caused various human and environmental problems. Acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa and around the world has been known to contribute a number of severe environmental challenges presently in need of dire attention. Pollution and/or contamination from AMD presents a serious risk requiring prevention and mitigation approaches for arresting consequential impacts on environmental and human health. The persistent human and environmental challenges based on AMD problems, created the impetus for the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and percolation parameters of two soils- Kaolinite, Halloysite and Illite/Vermiculite mixed layer (Soil A) and Kaolinite (Soil H) subtropical clayey soils interacted with AMD towards establishing their mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barriers in areas under AMD attack. Successive prolonged percolation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the respective soil media were carried out. The results of the study showed that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.01N CaSO4, baseline hydraulic conductivities of 1.3 × 10−11 m/s and 2.6 × 10−11 m/s were obtained for both soils respectively. After AMD infusion, their respective values were found to be within the accepted criterion of 1 × 10−9 m/s specified for clay/clayey liner construction in South Africa.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationSpecial Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016
EditorsSio-long Ao, Len Gelman, Haeng Kon Kim, Mahyar A. Amouzegar
PublisherWorld Scientific
Number of pages188
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-3230-78-1
ISBN (Print)978-981-3230-76-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

tropical soil
acid mine drainage
breakthrough curve
soil
kaolinite
halloysite
clay liner
vermiculite
analysis
parameter
buffering
illite
mixed layer
hydraulic conductivity
mitigation
natural resource
pollution
climate change
pollutant
mineral

Cite this

Agbenyeku, E. E. O., Muzenda, E., & Msibi, I. M. (2017). ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS. In S. Ao, L. Gelman, H. K. Kim, & M. A. Amouzegar (Eds.), IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences: Special Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016 (Vol. 2). World Scientific. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813230774_0014
Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong ; Muzenda, Edison ; Msibi, Innocent Mandla. / ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS. IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences: Special Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016. editor / Sio-long Ao ; Len Gelman ; Haeng Kon Kim ; Mahyar A. Amouzegar. Vol. 2 World Scientific, 2017.
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abstract = "Increasing climatic changes, exhaustion of natural resources from mining and similar activities, and the insistent growth in population have caused various human and environmental problems. Acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa and around the world has been known to contribute a number of severe environmental challenges presently in need of dire attention. Pollution and/or contamination from AMD presents a serious risk requiring prevention and mitigation approaches for arresting consequential impacts on environmental and human health. The persistent human and environmental challenges based on AMD problems, created the impetus for the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and percolation parameters of two soils- Kaolinite, Halloysite and Illite/Vermiculite mixed layer (Soil A) and Kaolinite (Soil H) subtropical clayey soils interacted with AMD towards establishing their mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barriers in areas under AMD attack. Successive prolonged percolation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the respective soil media were carried out. The results of the study showed that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.01N CaSO4, baseline hydraulic conductivities of 1.3 × 10−11 m/s and 2.6 × 10−11 m/s were obtained for both soils respectively. After AMD infusion, their respective values were found to be within the accepted criterion of 1 × 10−9 m/s specified for clay/clayey liner construction in South Africa.",
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Agbenyeku, EEO, Muzenda, E & Msibi, IM 2017, ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS. in S Ao, L Gelman, HK Kim & MA Amouzegar (eds), IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences: Special Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016. vol. 2, World Scientific. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813230774_0014

ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS. / Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong; Muzenda, Edison; Msibi, Innocent Mandla.

IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences: Special Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016. ed. / Sio-long Ao; Len Gelman; Haeng Kon Kim; Mahyar A. Amouzegar. Vol. 2 World Scientific, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS

AU - Agbenyeku, Emmanuel Emem Obong

AU - Muzenda, Edison

AU - Msibi, Innocent Mandla

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Increasing climatic changes, exhaustion of natural resources from mining and similar activities, and the insistent growth in population have caused various human and environmental problems. Acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa and around the world has been known to contribute a number of severe environmental challenges presently in need of dire attention. Pollution and/or contamination from AMD presents a serious risk requiring prevention and mitigation approaches for arresting consequential impacts on environmental and human health. The persistent human and environmental challenges based on AMD problems, created the impetus for the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and percolation parameters of two soils- Kaolinite, Halloysite and Illite/Vermiculite mixed layer (Soil A) and Kaolinite (Soil H) subtropical clayey soils interacted with AMD towards establishing their mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barriers in areas under AMD attack. Successive prolonged percolation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the respective soil media were carried out. The results of the study showed that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.01N CaSO4, baseline hydraulic conductivities of 1.3 × 10−11 m/s and 2.6 × 10−11 m/s were obtained for both soils respectively. After AMD infusion, their respective values were found to be within the accepted criterion of 1 × 10−9 m/s specified for clay/clayey liner construction in South Africa.

AB - Increasing climatic changes, exhaustion of natural resources from mining and similar activities, and the insistent growth in population have caused various human and environmental problems. Acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining operations in South Africa and around the world has been known to contribute a number of severe environmental challenges presently in need of dire attention. Pollution and/or contamination from AMD presents a serious risk requiring prevention and mitigation approaches for arresting consequential impacts on environmental and human health. The persistent human and environmental challenges based on AMD problems, created the impetus for the study to investigate the breakthrough curves and percolation parameters of two soils- Kaolinite, Halloysite and Illite/Vermiculite mixed layer (Soil A) and Kaolinite (Soil H) subtropical clayey soils interacted with AMD towards establishing their mineral buffering efficacy for use as natural contaminant barriers in areas under AMD attack. Successive prolonged percolation up to 24 pore volume passage of AMD through the respective soil media were carried out. The results of the study showed that after approximately 2.4 pore volumes of 0.01N CaSO4, baseline hydraulic conductivities of 1.3 × 10−11 m/s and 2.6 × 10−11 m/s were obtained for both soils respectively. After AMD infusion, their respective values were found to be within the accepted criterion of 1 × 10−9 m/s specified for clay/clayey liner construction in South Africa.

U2 - 10.1142/9789813230774_0014

DO - 10.1142/9789813230774_0014

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 978-981-3230-76-7

VL - 2

BT - IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences

A2 - Ao, Sio-long

A2 - Gelman, Len

A2 - Kim, Haeng Kon

A2 - Amouzegar, Mahyar A.

PB - World Scientific

ER -

Agbenyeku EEO, Muzenda E, Msibi IM. ANALYSIS OF BREAKTHROUGH CURVES AND PERCOLATION PARAMETERS OF SUB-TROPICAL CLAYEY SOILS-AMD INTERACTIONS. In Ao S, Gelman L, Kim HK, Amouzegar MA, editors, IAENG Transactions On Engineering Sciences: Special Issue For The International Association Of Engineers Conferences 2016. Vol. 2. World Scientific. 2017 https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813230774_0014