A 1,2-hydride shift in the phosphoric acid-promoted cyclodimerization of styrene oxide and its chloro derivatives under solvent-free conditions leading to 2,4-disubstituted 1,3-dioxolanes is described. Methoxy substituents on the aromatic ring of the styrene oxide prevent the 1,2-hydride shift reaction leading to substituted 1,4-dioxanes. A possible mechanism for the formation of the 1,3-dioxolanes is proposed.
Mazimba, O., Majinda, R. R., & Masesane, I. B. (2009). An unexpected 1,2-hydride shift in phosphoric acid-promoted cyclodimerization of styrene oxides under solvent-free conditions. A synthetic route towards 2,4-disubstituted 1,3-dioxolanes. Tetrahedron Letters, 50(43), 5927-5929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tetlet.2009.08.044