An integrated anaerobic digestion and UV photocatalytic treatment of distillery wastewater

Seth Apollo, Maurice S. Onyango, Aoyi Ochieng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anaerobic up-flow fixed bed reactor and annular photocatalytic reactor were used to study the efficiency of integrated anaerobic digestion (AD) and ultraviolet (UV) photodegradation of real distillery effluent and raw molasses wastewater (MWW). It was found that UV photodegradation as a stand-alone technique achieved colour removal of 54% and 69% for the distillery and MWW, respectively, with a COD reduction of <20% and a negligible BOD reduction. On the other hand, AD as a single treatment technique was found to be effective in COD and BOD reduction with efficiencies of above 75% and 85%, respectively, for both wastewater samples. However, the AD achieved low colour removal efficiency, with an increase in colour intensity of 13% recorded when treating MWW while a colour removal of 51% was achieved for the distillery effluent. The application of UV photodegradation as a pre-treatment method to the AD process reduced the COD removal and biogas production efficiency. However, an integration in which UV photodegradation was employed as a post-treatment to the AD process achieved high COD removal of above 85% for both wastewater samples, and colour removal of 88% for the distillery effluent. Thus, photodegradation can be employed as a post-treatment technique to an AD system treating distillery effluent for complete removal of the biorecalcitrant and colour imparting compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-442
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Distilleries
Anaerobic digestion
Waste Water
Photolysis
Photodegradation
Digestion
Wastewater
Color
photodegradation
Color removal (water treatment)
Molasses
wastewater
Effluents
effluent
Biochemical oxygen demand
Post and Core Technique
Biofuels
Biogas
anaerobic digestion
removal

Cite this

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title = "An integrated anaerobic digestion and UV photocatalytic treatment of distillery wastewater",
abstract = "Anaerobic up-flow fixed bed reactor and annular photocatalytic reactor were used to study the efficiency of integrated anaerobic digestion (AD) and ultraviolet (UV) photodegradation of real distillery effluent and raw molasses wastewater (MWW). It was found that UV photodegradation as a stand-alone technique achieved colour removal of 54{\%} and 69{\%} for the distillery and MWW, respectively, with a COD reduction of <20{\%} and a negligible BOD reduction. On the other hand, AD as a single treatment technique was found to be effective in COD and BOD reduction with efficiencies of above 75{\%} and 85{\%}, respectively, for both wastewater samples. However, the AD achieved low colour removal efficiency, with an increase in colour intensity of 13{\%} recorded when treating MWW while a colour removal of 51{\%} was achieved for the distillery effluent. The application of UV photodegradation as a pre-treatment method to the AD process reduced the COD removal and biogas production efficiency. However, an integration in which UV photodegradation was employed as a post-treatment to the AD process achieved high COD removal of above 85{\%} for both wastewater samples, and colour removal of 88{\%} for the distillery effluent. Thus, photodegradation can be employed as a post-treatment technique to an AD system treating distillery effluent for complete removal of the biorecalcitrant and colour imparting compounds.",
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An integrated anaerobic digestion and UV photocatalytic treatment of distillery wastewater. / Apollo, Seth; Onyango, Maurice S.; Ochieng, Aoyi.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 261, 2013, p. 435-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Onyango, Maurice S.

AU - Ochieng, Aoyi

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