An evaluation of Palaeocene kaolin deposits in northeastern Nigeria

E. M. Shemang, G. E. Ekosse, C. E. Suh, O. K. Likkason, A. S. Maigari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Three kaolin deposits in the Palaeocene Kerri-Kerri sandstone-dominated basin in northeastern Nigeria have been evaluated with respect to their particle size distribution (psd) and colour, and mineralogical and chemical compositions. The kaolin is fine-grained (≥ 80.75 wt % finer than 2 μm) and light grey to white. In terms of mineralogy, X-ray diffractograms show that the deposits are substantially rich in kaolinite and have subordinate amounts of quartz and illite whereas goethite, hematite and halloysite occur in trace amounts. CaO, Na2O and MgO concentrations are low (≥0.44 wt %) indicating that kaolinitisation resulted from weathering accompanied by leaching of the alkalis. This process resulted in complementary enrichment of SiO2 and Al2O3. Low Fe2O3 (≤ 1.20 wt %) as well as low MnO (≤0.03 wt %) makes the kaolin suitable for use in industrial applications in which colour in the end product is not desirable. With an estimated minimum reserve of 8.2 × 1010 tons, these deposits are economically viable pending further detailed investigations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)33-44
    Number of pages12
    JournalNeues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen
    Volume180
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Fingerprint

    Kaolin
    kaolin
    Paleocene
    Deposits
    halloysite
    Color
    goethite
    illite
    hematite
    Quartz
    kaolinite
    Mineralogy
    Alkalies
    mineralogy
    weathering
    Weathering
    Sandstone
    chemical composition
    leaching
    particle size

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geochemistry and Petrology

    Cite this

    Shemang, E. M. ; Ekosse, G. E. ; Suh, C. E. ; Likkason, O. K. ; Maigari, A. S. / An evaluation of Palaeocene kaolin deposits in northeastern Nigeria. In: Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen. 2004 ; Vol. 180, No. 1. pp. 33-44.
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    abstract = "Three kaolin deposits in the Palaeocene Kerri-Kerri sandstone-dominated basin in northeastern Nigeria have been evaluated with respect to their particle size distribution (psd) and colour, and mineralogical and chemical compositions. The kaolin is fine-grained (≥ 80.75 wt {\%} finer than 2 μm) and light grey to white. In terms of mineralogy, X-ray diffractograms show that the deposits are substantially rich in kaolinite and have subordinate amounts of quartz and illite whereas goethite, hematite and halloysite occur in trace amounts. CaO, Na2O and MgO concentrations are low (≥0.44 wt {\%}) indicating that kaolinitisation resulted from weathering accompanied by leaching of the alkalis. This process resulted in complementary enrichment of SiO2 and Al2O3. Low Fe2O3 (≤ 1.20 wt {\%}) as well as low MnO (≤0.03 wt {\%}) makes the kaolin suitable for use in industrial applications in which colour in the end product is not desirable. With an estimated minimum reserve of 8.2 × 1010 tons, these deposits are economically viable pending further detailed investigations.",
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    An evaluation of Palaeocene kaolin deposits in northeastern Nigeria. / Shemang, E. M.; Ekosse, G. E.; Suh, C. E.; Likkason, O. K.; Maigari, A. S.

    In: Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, Vol. 180, No. 1, 2004, p. 33-44.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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