Adsorption Kinetics of Arsenic Removal from Groundwater by Iron-Modified Zeolite

Maurice S. Onyango, Yoshihiro Kojima, Hitoki Matsuda, Aoyi Ochieng

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work involves the treatment of model groundwater containing arsenic with the use of chemically modified zeolite. A finite volume stirred tank reactor was used to study the effects of the variables; sorbent grain fraction and sorbent dose, on arsenic reaction kinetics. The results are modelled using the pseudo-second order and second-order reversible rate equations. Equilibrium arsenic uptake and residual sum of squares evaluated from the two models are compared. From them, the arsenic sorption onto the active sites is consistent with a pseudo-second order mechanism. The initial sorption rate which drives the uptake rate was found to be in the same order of magnitude for all the grain fractions but decreased with an increase in the sorbent dose. Furthermore, based on the pseudo-second order mechanism, Thiele moduli were determined and their values suggested that intraparticle diffusion may play a significant role in arsenic uptake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1516-1522
JournalJournal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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