A wireless sensor network solution for monitoring water quality in Botswana

Mompoloki Pule, Abid Yahya, Joseph Chuma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) provide reliable and affordable infrastructure for various applications ranging from environmental monitoring, industrial automation, telemedicine, to military surveillance. These networks allow monitoring processes to be conducted remotely, in real-time and with minimal human intervention. Water quality monitoring is essential to the provision of clean and safe water. In Botswana, Water Utilities Corporation (WUC), has adopted a conventional like process that employs several independent hand held meters for sampling different water quality parameters manually. However, this process has proved to be ineffective since it is expensive, time consuming, requires considerable human resource capacity and lacks real-time results to promote proactive response to water contamination. In this work, an integrated WSN based solution that employs Libelium's Waspmote platform has been developed. The sensor node is based on ATMEL's ATmega 1281 8-bit low power microcontroller which can operate for more than a year without recharging its battery. Results have shown that the proposed system managed to sample associated water quality parameters in real time with the same accuracy as currently adopted methods. In addition, the system is autonomous, easy to install, highly scalable and has a relatively high sampling rate which improves the temporal resolution of the monitoring process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNICS 2016 - Proceedings of 2016 3rd National Foundation for Science and Technology Development Conference on Information and Computer Science
EditorsNguyen Le Hung, Vo Nguyen Quoe Boo, Tran Trung Duy
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages12-16
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509020980
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 28 2016
Event3rd National Foundation for Science and Technology Development Conference on Information and Computer Science, NICS 2016 - Danang City, Viet Nam
Duration: Sep 14 2016Sep 16 2016

Other

Other3rd National Foundation for Science and Technology Development Conference on Information and Computer Science, NICS 2016
CountryViet Nam
CityDanang City
Period9/14/169/16/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Software
  • Information Systems

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    Pule, M., Yahya, A., & Chuma, J. (2016). A wireless sensor network solution for monitoring water quality in Botswana. In N. L. Hung, V. N. Q. Boo, & T. T. Duy (Eds.), NICS 2016 - Proceedings of 2016 3rd National Foundation for Science and Technology Development Conference on Information and Computer Science (pp. 12-16). [7725635] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/NICS.2016.7725635