A predictive model of crude oil dispersion in water: A case study of the Niger-Delta Area of Nigeria

A. S. Abdulkareem, J. O. Odigure, M. D.O. Otaru, M. B. Kuranga, A. S. Afolabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The qualities of the environment are adversely affected by the massive activities of the petroleum industry, especially in Nigeria, with a particular reference to the Niger-Delta Area. The use of oil and other natural resources without losses is almost impossible; losses normally occur during exploration, drilling, transportation, processing, storage, and use. Discharging gases, liquids, and solid wastes into the environment threatens the health of the populace and damage the overall qualities of the environment by rendering the farm land and water bodies unusable. This work, therefore, focuses on the development of a predictive model for spreading rate, spreading coefficient, and flow dimensions of experimentally determined physical properties of spilled oil and stream medium. The developed model is simulated and the results obtained are compared with the experimental results. The statistical analyses of the experimental and simulated results show a little variation between them with a correlation coefficient in the range of 0.9938-0.9999 and standard error in the range of 0.25-29.94 depending on the type and volume of oil spilled. The simulated results also indicate that the extent of spread depends on the physical properties of the crude, aquatic environment dimension, exposure time, and quality of oil discharged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2089-2103
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects
Volume33
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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