Large charnockite massifs occur in the high-grade Southern Granulite Terrain (SGT) and Eastern Ghats Belt (EGB) crustal provinces of Peninsular India. Available geochronological data indicate that the magmatism is episodic, associated with distinct orogenic cycles in the different crustal domains. The geochemical data also indicate a change in composition from trondhjemitic at ∼3.0-2.9 Ga to dominantly tonalitic at ∼2.6-2.5 Ga to tonalitic-granodiorite-granitic at ∼2.0-1.9 Ga to dominantly tonalitic at 1.7-1.6 Ga to quartz monzonitic or tonalitic at ∼1.0-0.9 Ga to granodiorite-granitic at ∼0.8-0.7 Ga. The trondhjemitic and tonalitic end members are metaluminous, magnesian and calcic to calc-alkalic, characteristic of magnesian group charnockites. The granodioritic to granitic end members are metaluminous to slightly peraluminous, ferroan and calc-alkalic to alkali-calcic, characteristic of ferroan group charnockites. The quartz monzonitic end members are metaluminous to peraluminous, magnesian to ferroan and calcic to calc-alkalic, neither characteristic of the magnesian group nor of the ferroan group of charnockites. Based on the occurrence and difference in composition of the charnockite massifs, it is suggested that the charnockite magmatism registers the crustal growth of the Indian plate on its southern (SGT) and eastern (EGB) sides, along active continental margins by accretion of arcs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)