A comparative study of spark plasma sintering and hybrid spark plasma sintering of 93W-4.9Ni-2.1Fe heavy alloy

Mxolisi Brendon Shongwe, Saliou Diouf, Mondiu Olayinka Durowoju, Peter Apata Olubambi, Munyadziwa Mercy Ramakokovhu, Babatunde Abiodun Obadele

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Mixed 93W-4.9Ni-2.1Fe powders were sintered via the spark plasma sintering (SPS) and hybrid spark plasma sintering (HSPS) techniques with 30 mm and 60 mm samples in both conditions. After SPS and HSPS, the 30 mm and 60 mm alloys (except 60 mm-SPS) had a relative density (> 99.2%) close to the theoretical density. Phase, microstructure and mechanical properties evolution of W-Ni-Fe alloy during SPS and HSPS were studied. The microstructural evolution of the 60 mm alloys varied from the edge of the sample to the core of the sample. Results show that the grain size and the hardness vary considerable from the edge to the core of sintered sample of 60 mm sintered using conventional SPS compared to hybrid SPS. Similarly, the hardness also increased from the edge to the core. Furthermore, the 60 mm-HSPS alloy exhibited improved bending strength of 1115 MPa when compared to that of 60 mm-SPS, 920 MPa. The intergranular fracture along the W/W grain boundary is the main fracture modes of W-Ni-Fe, however in the 60 mm-SPS alloy peeling of the grains was also observed which diminished the properties. The mechanical properties of SPS and HSPS 93W-4.9Ni-2.1Fe heavy alloys are dependent on the microstructural parameters such as tungsten grain size and overall homogeneity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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